Working Papers

How Much Do Leaders Explain Growth? An Exercise in Growth Accounting (with Steven Pennings), January 2014

The European Origins of Economic Development, (with Ross Levine), November 2013

Commercial Imperialism? Political Influence and Trade During the Cold War (with Daniel Berger, Nathan Nunn, and Shanker Satyanath), updated May 2012 Web Appendix

The Role of Growth Slowdowns and Forecast Errors in Public Debt Crises, Paper for NBER Conference, December 2011

Benevolent Autocrats, August 2011

African Export Successes: Surprises, Stylized Facts, and Explanations (with Ariell Reshef) December 2010

Superpower Interventions and their Consequences for Democracy: an Empirical Inquiry (with Shanker Satyanath and Daniel Berger) March 2010

The power of exports (with Ariell Reshef and Julia Schwenkenberg), World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5081, October 2009

Big Hits in Manufacturing Exports and Development (with Ariell Reshef), October 2009